Pikillaqta is considered to be one of the best-known and well-kept pre-Inca cities in Peru. It is found 30 km. southeast of Cusco, over 3,350 meters high and covers a territory of approximately 50 ha.
Alfonsina Barrionuevo refers to Pikillacta in the following way: "The skirts of the Wayllonqa hill, where Pikillacta is found, an ancient pre-Inca city, shine like the sun. The flowers light up the ruins, which feature empty streets, gigantic plazas, two-story palaces and family housing. Hundreds of lizards scuttle around the ruins".
The site was named Pikillacta after the arrival of the spaniards. Its name in Inca times is unknown, but it is thought that it could have been Muyuna (going round in circles), Muyna or Mohina. This place is known today as Wakarpay and is part of Pikillacta complex.
The City of Pikillacta
Pikillacta is a sign of great civilization, known for the extraordinary planning capability of its cities. It was built by the Wari culture, whose base was in Ayacucho.
Thanks to its size, Pikillacta is considered one of the main cities in ancient Peru. It is surrounded by aristocratic villas located across the plateau and the Wakarpay lakes.
Garcia Rosell observes two different architectural styles: quarry-stone walls and hewn stone walls probably built by the Wari culture. In 1,927, 40 turquoise idols were found, portraying human dressed in different robes and of incalculable value for the study of ancient Peruvian clothing. The idols measured 25-45 mm long.
Tipon, these Inca ruins may have been a park for upper class or agricultural centrum. Still today, water is rushing though the channels, which is seldom, and the wide terraces - masterpieces of motar-less walls - are in perfect condition. Several sourrounding ruins are excaved, and many many more are visible below the soil.
Duration of excursion : 04 hours approximately.
Frequency : All Days.
- Transportation in tourist bus.
- Official guide of tourism.
- All tickets of entrance.