The Machupicchu archaeological park is recognized by UNESCO as a Cultural Patrimony of Humanity. At 2,380 m.a.s.l., Machupicchu's amazing stone construction is built over steep and uneven mountain peaks, demonstrating the capacity of ancient Andean man.
A number of theories with respect to the origin and discovery of Machupicchu exist, but what is known for sure is the sanctuary was constructed around the 15th century. The first modern-day people to visit the archaeological remains of Machupicchu were Gavino Chávez, Enrique Palma, and Agustín Lizárraga, who engraved their names into the walls of the city. On the 14th of July 1911, Hiram Bingham made the scientific "world-discovery" of Machupicchu in an expedition funded by Yale University and the National Geographic Society.
The word "Machupicchu" means "Old Mountain" in the native Quechua language, where Machu = old and Picchu = mountain.
The ruins of Machupicchu are located on the left side of the Vilcanota River, in the Kusichaca gorge, in the district of Machupicchu, province of Urubamba, in the department of Cusco.
Machupicchu is easily accessible by train, and is only 112.5 kilometers (180 miles), approximately 4 hours, from Cusco's San Pedro Train Station. Trains depart daily from Cusco to the town of Aguas Calientes, where buses transport tourists up to the entrance of Machupicchu. More adventurous tourists can take a 2, 4, or 6 day hike via the Inca Trail to the ruins of Machupicchu.
EXCURSION TO MACHUPICCHU
Early in the morning, transfer to Cusco train station for a three hours train ride to the famous Inca Citadel of Machu Picchu, one of the most renowned examples of Inca architecture, known as "The Lost City of the Incas", get down the train in Aguas Calientes station for a 30-minutes drive climbing a 6km of winding road to reach the marvellous citadel. Upon arrival, guided tour of the Citadel, visiting the Main Plaza, the Circular Tower, the Sacred Sun Dial (the most important Intihuatana), the Royal Quarters, the Temple of Three Windows and various burial grounds. Time free to stroll by the archaeological site. Lunch at a local restaurant (optional). Late afternoon transfer to your selected hotel in Machu Picchu or in Aguas Calientes, closest town, at only 15 minutes by bus from Machu Picchu.
Duration of excursion : 14 hours aprox.
Frequency : All Days.
- Transfers Hotel/Train Station/Hotel.
- Tickets of Tren - Cusco/Aguas Calientes/Cusco.
- Tickets of Bus - A.Calientes/Machupicchu/A.Calientes.
- Tickets of entrance to Machupicchu citadel.
- Official guide of tourism.